The Piano and its Preferences

  • The piano was invented at the end of the 17th century.
  • It is a keyboard instrument in which hammers are hit against one string via a mechanism (like a percussion instrument). 2 - 3 strings are struck per note: also called string choir.


  • The following forms are widespread: upright piano and grand piano.
  • The German word Klavier comes from claves (keys, actually clef) in French; piano has established itself as a short form of piano (quiet) and forte (loud) compared to pianoforte.

Components & Features

  • The piano has 88 keys, 52 white and 36 black; an octave has 7 white and 5 black keys.
  • It has a width of 123 cm (piano) when it is standardized.
  • The instruments have 2 or 3 pedals: the piano pedal and the forte pedal (removal of damping); the middle pedal can be a sostenuto pedal (only the damping of the notes played is removed) or a moderator pedal (all strings additionally damped by felt).
  • Weight: small pianos weigh around 300 kg, large concert pianos up to 700 kg; normal upright pianos weigh between 200 kg and 300 kg.


  • In 1980, there were about 9,300,000 flutes, 8,400,000 harmonicas/melodicas, 3,800,000 guitars, 2,200,000 accordions and 1,600,000 upright pianos/grand pianos in private households in Germany. (Source: look up at wikiped)


  • Pianos: used pianos in medium quality and condition cost between € 1,000.00 and € 3,000.00; new pianos from € 5,000.00.
  • Grand pianos: are hardly available for less than € 3,000.00, a larger selection is available from € 10,000.00and new ones cost between € 20,000.00 and € 100,000.00.
  • Maintenance: one tuning will cost about € 100.00 and should be done once or twice a year.

Care and Preferences

  • The room climate is important: Too little humidity leads to dehydration, too much leads to rust.
  • The place of installation is important: little temperature fluctuation, little draught, little fluctuation in humidity, not too close to heating or stove is what the piano likes best.
  • In Asia, for example, special export pianos are produced that are adapted to the climatic conditions in the destination country.

Modern Times

  • Since the end of the 20th century, digital pianos with real piano mechanisms have been produced.
  • The sound is no longer synthesized, but digitized recordings of high-quality instruments are played and amazing sound results are achieved with digital pianos.